Biography Introduction of Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru | pandit jawaharlal nehru summary in english

Biography Introduction of Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru |  pandit jawaharlal nehru summary in english

Biography Introduction of Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru |  pandit jawaharlal nehru summary in english
Biography of pandit Jawaharlal Nehru

     Biography of Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru| Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru’s Sharansh |

     Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru’s Summary – The first Prime Minister of independent India, Jawaharlal Nehru was not only a ‘politician’ but he was a versatile genius.  He was also a unique thinker.  This personality full of human sensibilities, not only of the people of India, but also of the people of the world, India has adorned him with the highest honor of the nation, Bharat Ratna.  The world considered him a great political and humanitarian.  Having spread its aura for a long time on the Indian horizon or left its indelible mark in the field of independent thinker also.

     Thoughts of Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru in Indian political and social thought

     He made his immortal place in the history of Indian political and social thought, scientific approach was the specialty of his thinking.  Deshratna Jawaharlal Nehru took birth as the son of Pandit Motilal Nehru on 14 November 1818.  At the age of 13, he became a member of the “Theosophical Society”.  He was sent to England at the age of 15.  Where he completed his education at Harrow School and Trinary College Cambridge.  He was greatly influenced by the political thought of ‘Married’.

     Read  Jaiprakash narayan  biography

     Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru meets Annie Besant | Pandit jawaharlal Nehru

     Returning to India, he started his practice as a barrister in Allahabad.  From this time he came in contact with Annie Besant and participated in the Home Rule League.  In the year 1916, he met Gandhiji in Lucknow Congress.  He got married in the same year.  In 1917, he got a daughter.  Which continued to beautify her family by the name of Indira Priyadarshini and later was the Prime Minister of India for a long time.  In 1918, he was elected as the Secretary of the Home Rule League.  He was imprisoned in 1921 for participating in the non-cooperation movement.  In 1923, he was elected General Security of the All India Congress and later became the President of the Indian National Congress.

     Under his presidency, in 1929, the Congress passed a resolution aimed at complete independence.  Nehru continued to participate actively in many of his subsequent movements and was elected President of the Indian National Congress several times and when India became independent, he was elected the Prime Minister of India and on 27 May 1964, by the cruel hands of his death, he was felicitated by the people of India.  He remained on the post of Prime Minister till he was snatched and continued to serve the nation.

     Modern India is indebted enough to Jawaharlal Nehru.  Mahatma Gandhi taught India to understand itself, Nehru taught to understand not only himself but also others.

     Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru, the architect of modern India.  pandit jawaharlal nehru

     

     Gandhiji is called the ‘Father of the Nation’ while Nehruji is considered as the builder of modern India.  He made a very important contribution in making democracy successful in India and he continued to work tirelessly to provide human dignity and equality to all.

     He brought the Indian public out of the quagmire of political, cultural and economic stagnation and led them on a progressive path.  His contribution in the economic field is very special.  The Five Year Plans started by him were implemented with the spirit of democracy and socialism and it changed the face of India.  He gave meaning to the concept of “Socialistic Pattern of Society” in the socialist structure of society.

     He raised India’s international status high and he gave India a place of prestige in the community of the nation.  Nehru gave important ideas of peaceful co-existence and non-alignment to the world.  He raised his voice against his neo-colonialism, socialism, apartheid and any kind of injustice and during his lifetime he had the privilege of seeing about 40 countries of Asia, Africa and Latin America being freed from colonial rule.  He devoted his whole life in the fight to make the friendship and cooperation between different countries of the world successful.

     This was the reason that the whole world considered him a friend of humanity.  He lived a patient life and tried to fulfill it till the last month.

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     Nehru ji and Nehru ji’s contribution to scientific, humanism in the form of contemplation

     Nehru had an unwavering belief in man in the form of thinking and the most important aspect of his talent, nature and character was his scientific, humanism.  He did not give much importance to things like soul, paramatma or mysticism.  He had humanity towards God and considered social service as his religion.  Nehru did not give place to narrow principles in his outlook and thinking.  What is right?  What is wrong?  The test of this was the interest of humanity for him.

     In relation to the state government policy and religion, he was inspired by the concern of human interest, not by the worn-out theory.  As Professor M N Das says.  His humanism and generosity are nourished by a sense of inner respect for the individual.  Nehru’s socialism was not even the socialism of communist Russia or China.  He was in favor of everyone’s interest.

     He was unwilling to sacrifice the individual at the altar of vague notions such as state interest, nor did he wish to keep the individual subject to the notions of political principles.  Nehru was able to make himself popular only because of his humanism and humanistic approach to the problems of life.  His devotion to democracy, equality and dignity of the individual made him a unique humanist philosopher.

     Thoughts on the religion of Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru |  pandit jawaharlal Nehru religious

     To say that Nehru had no religion.  He was a respectable person.  It is not correct at all if the meaning of religion is to follow the rituals or to read religious texts.  He was not religious at all then.  But the reality is that religion has meaning or not.  If religion means belief in the moral rule of the world and service to mankind.  So he was definitely a religious person.  He did not like all this only to perform rituals, worship etc.

     For Nehru, religion means ‘Shiva’s character, truth, love and thinking of the mind, selfishness, defines religion in such a way that religion is the inner development of a person and the development of his consciousness in the direction of good, according to Nehru ji the real form  Religion and science are not opposed to each other.  Religion has to wear the veil of science and adopt a scientific attitude towards its problems.

     For most of these people it is enough to adopt a secular approach.  This was written by Nehru in “Unity of India”.  Nehru was a staunch supporter of democracy.  According to him, democracy is the best means for the rule of human beings.

     He believed that only through a system of governance a person can reach the highest development peak of his personality and the nation can reach the highest development peak of his nationality.  Yet Nehru did not define democracy because he felt that to define something was to limit him.

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     For him democracy was not a situated thing but a dynamic and developing thing.

     Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru’s belief in human dignity

     Nehru’s unwavering belief in human dignity was responsible for his being democratic.  He considered the public as a participant in every work.  Like the hanging litigants, he preferred to treat the people not as a block but as separate individuals.

     What was the problem of Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru?  Problems of Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru

     Once he was asked how many problems do you have.  So his answer was ‘360 million’ is the problem.  Which meant that at that time the population of the country was 360 million and Nehru was aware of the problems of each of the 360 ​​million.  He said that we should think in terms of individuals.  Apart from the system of governance, democracy was also considered by Nehru as a way of life.  In which every person can think independently and develop maximum of his abilities.  True democracy is formed by the manners of the individual and by him respect and tolerance for the views of others.

     For the success of democracy, Nehru used to emphasize on five essentials which are as follows-

     1. Creation land of conscious public opinion,

     2. sense of responsibility among citizens,

     3. Self-discipline of the community,

     4. Tolerance to the views of others, especially those of opposing views,

     5. Material prosperity of society

     In his view, socialism is an aspect of democracy itself.  In 1936, he wrote that the key to the solution of the problems of the world and India lies in ‘socialism’ and when I use this word, socialism is more than an economic theory, not in a vague ‘humanist’ form, but in a ‘scientific’ and economic-economy.  It is a philosophy of life.  Therefore appeals to me.  Nehru’s faith in socialism thus developed.

     He concluded that the tales of acute unemployment, exploitation and public opinion can be ended through socialism.  But Nehru’s socialism is not against the freedom of the individual.  Nehru, like other socialists, does not believe that the personalities of socialism cannot co-exist.

     According to Nehru ji, in socialism, freedom of end reason, mind, freedom of initiative and freedom to own personal property, etc. have the same place which is in the plans of individual litigants.  The only difference is that he did not want to see the centralization of wealth in a few hands like the plaintiffs.

     As far as the nature of socialism is concerned, Nehru was in favor of establishing a socialist structure of society.  In which there should be equality of opportunity for all and possibility to lead a good life, he said.  That we have to emphasize equality.  To work on the removal of inequalities.  But it is also to be remembered that socialism is not an extension of poverty.

     Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru was an advocate of non-violence.

     Nehru was also a supporter of non-violence.  According to him the path of violence is dangerous and where there is violence, freedom cannot stand.  Feelings of hatred and violence make us weak.  Those who follow the path of violence.  They have no faith in democracy.  Nehru had a deep love for life and the human community and saw beauty in it.  Such a person could not have chosen a path other than the path of non-violence.

     Nehru had a deep sense of history in his mind.  From which he had concluded that the bloody battle of history had given rise to more serious problems instead of solving them.  Due to all these reasons, Nehru became a priest of peace and started going abroad as a messenger of peace.

     There was no place for “weakness” and “cowardice” in his plan.  Also he did not have a rigid stand towards non-violence.  Violence is a bad thing, but there are some things that are worse than violence.  Even worse and when we have to choose between the two.  So it is natural that we have to choose the lesser evil.  He wrote that if in future the Congress reaches to the conclusion that in the way of violence one can get rid of slavery.  So she will follow that path.” Violence is a bad thing, but stories are worse.

     Contribution of Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru to Non-Alignment|pandit jawaharlal Nehru

     The biggest contribution of Nehru to the world is the principle of non-alignment.  The principle of non-alignment is not new as the concept of trust states under international law is very old during peace and war.  But Nehru’s specialty was that he gave positive character to these principles.  After the Second World War, the world was divided into two factions.  The communist faction and the capitalist faction meant joining any group.

     To give one’s independence in relation to policy decisions.  Nehru gave the idea that he would join any group and act as a bridge between the two groups and work to strengthen the forces of peace.  The foreign policy adopted by Nehru later became a movement and more than 100 countries of the world were involved in it.

     Nehru ji had clearly said that non-alignment is not a permanent principle.  There is ample room for “flexibility” in his foreign policy.  Nehru had said that if there is an attack and if there is any threat to freedom, then we will not remain neutral.

     Similar to the above concept was his well-known theory of Panchsheel.  Which had the following five elements –

     1. Respect for the territorial integrity and sovereignty of others,

     2.An invasion,

     3. Non-interference in each other’s internal affairs, 4. Equality and family benefits and,

     5. Existence in Peace,

     Summary of Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru | pandit jawaharlal Nehru saransh –

     Summary of Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru – Apart from political, social and economic thought, Nehru was also a writer of a high order.  His two books are very famous.  Discovery of India and Glimpses of World History He had control over language and could express his thoughts with great ease and clarity.  His style was poetic with simplicity.  Nehru’s emotional and sensitivity is so naturally reflected in his poetry.

     Like the fragrance of flowers.  Both these books have everything that could make Nehru a great scholar.  The ancient cultural fame of India had a great influence on him.  He was also familiar with various aspects of world history.

     What is the conclusion of Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru?  pandit jawaharlal nehru niskarsh?

     In conclusion, it can be said that Nehru ji was a man of all talents.  Political, economist, thinker, litterateur etc.  All were included in his rich personality.  His versatility was in his natural generosity acted as fragrance in gold.  Certainly he was the Desh Ratna of India.  Bharat Ratna.

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