Biography introduction of Jaiprakash Narayan | lognayak | Jaiprakash Narayan summary in english
|Jaiprakash narayan biography|
Tell the biography of Jayaprakash Narayan. Jaiprakash Narayan Jiwani in english
Jayaprakash Narayan was born on 11 October 1902 in Sitab Diyara village. His father’s name was Harsu Dayal and mother’s name was Phulrani. After receiving his elementary education in Sitab Diyara village, he studied in the collegiate school of Patna. From there lived in Saraswati Bhavan hostel.
He was married to Prabhavati, the daughter of the famous public servant of Bihar, Shri Brijkishore Babu. He took an active part in Gandhi’s non-cooperation movement in 1921 and left school. At the same time, he passed the intermediate examination from Bihar Vidyapeeth under the leadership of Dr. Rajendra Babu, after which he also went to Banaras for studies.
When and why did Jayaprakash Narayan go to America? Jaiprakash Narayan
In 1922 he went to America as a student to study law there. Wrote a research paper on social variation in Ohio University till Bath and obtained a master’s (m.a.) degree. He came to India in 1929 due to illness of his mother.
Because of this he could not even complete his PhD. Due to Jai Prakash ji’s stay in America, Prabhavati ji stayed in Sabarmati Ashram for the time being. On his return from America, for some time he was the spokesperson of Sociology at Banaras Hindu University.
Leaving the job, he became an active worker in the Indian independence movement with the British. In 1934, the young youths dissatisfied with the policies of the Congress founded the All India Congress Socialist Party. Whose Acharya’s Narendra Dev was the President and Jayaprakash Narayan was retained as the Minister.
Other prominent leaders of this party were –
Ashok Mehta, Achyut Patwardhan, Rammohan Lohia, MR Masani, NG Ranga and Yusuf Mehrauli.
Explain the contribution of Jayaprakash Narayan in the Quit India Movement of 1942 and the traffic in jail.
Arrested in the Quit India Movement of 1942. But he escaped from Hazaribagh Central Jail after being arrested again. He was released from prison in 1946. After 1947 and remained politically active and remained associated with socialist ideology till 1954. After that in 1957 he joined the Sarvodaya movement. Worked with full dedication for Bhoodan property charity, life donation.
Started opposing the policies of the then government in 1970; In 1974, accepted the leadership of the students’ movement of Bihar and Gujarat. Addressing a gathering in Patna announced a total revolution. National Emergency was imposed in 1975. Which was strongly opposed by JP. He was put in jail. In 1977, he made tireless efforts to form the Janata Party and brought victory to the Janata Party in the elections. He died on 8 October 1979 due to kidney failure. Jayaprakash Narayan, popularly known as JP and Lok Nayak.
His major works are –
1.from socialism to Sarvodaya(1959) 2.towards struggle(1946)
3.A picture of Sarvodaya social order 4.Sarvodaya and World peach
5.Swaraj for the people (1961)
6.why socialism (1936)
7.A plea for the reconstruction of Indian Polity
1959 A collection of his works is published under the name A Revolutionary quest 1980.
Jayaprakash Narayan’s inclination towards socialist ideology. Jaiprakash Narayan
Ideology The writers of MN Rai, who were influenced by the JP socialist ideology during the American migration, quoted his ideas. A time came that he started liking Gandhi’s methods of movement and saw a quick way to free India through socialism. The activities of the socialists of India and the functioning of the Soviet Union shut JP’s mouth. And he turned towards the socialist ideology Sarvodaya.
He also kept on reviewing Indian democracy from time to time. Dissatisfied with this, started a total revolution.
The head study of the thoughts of Jayaprakash Narayan can be done in the following teachers-
1. Socialist Thoughts,
2. Sarvodaya Thoughts,
3. Ideas of Democracy,
1. Socialist Thought of Jayaprakash Narayan | Jaiprakash Narayan ka samajwadi vichar
Jayaprakash Narayan considered a socialist solution to the problems of India. Socialist meant for him the establishment of liberty, equality and fraternity. In his book “Socialism to Sarvodaya”. The Marxist philosophy of revolution appeared to be more determined and quicker than Gandhiji’s method of civil disobedience and non-cooperation. At the same time Marxism gave space for me another light of equality and fraternity. Only freedom was not achieved.
It should mean all that is at the lowest level. May they also have freedom. This freedom should also include freedom from exploitation, from hunger and poverty. JP also did not attach much importance to the violent way of bringing about socialism because with the help of violence the minority votes forcibly get the support of the majority. This support lacks liberty, equality and fraternity.
There is a close relationship between means and ends. To bring socialism in India, importance and morality have to be given in Indian culture.
Suggestions given by JP (Jaiprakash Narayan) for the establishment of socialist society in India-
Some suggestions have been given by JP for the establishment of socialist society in India-
1. Reducing Land Tax
2. Nationalization of industries.
3. Treating villages as a first unit of development,
4. Provision of Cooperative and Collective Farming
5. To decentralize economic and political
6. Solving the economic problem on priority basis
7. To protect culture and moral values
According to Jayaprakash Narayan, socialism was a way of life. whose values cannot be accepted institutionally. They have to be assimilated individually. He realized that any socialism which we think of as ordinary socialism can never lead mankind to that goal of liberty, equality, peace and fraternity. He said that socialism assures to take mankind closer to those goals than any competing social element.
2. Sarvodaya Thoughts. Sarvodaya Thoughts of Jayaprakash Narayan | Jaiprakash Narayan
The idea of Sarvodaya was propounded by Mahatma Gandhi and Vinoba Bhave converted it into a movement. Sarvodaya means “all-rise”. Bhoodan, property donation, village donation etc. were part of this movement.
Jayaprakash Narayan left active politics and started Bhoodan, property donation, life donation, movements towards Sarvodaya to fulfill the goal of his state philosophy. There is no difference between means and end in these programs. There was no use of violence and repression.
It was the best method of social revolution and fraternity, equality, freedom. He tells the farmers that the landowners should distribute 20th part of their land among the landless, otherwise they will have to take the help of Satya Graha.
He was against the coercive movement of the Naxalites. He said about Bhoodan, as much as the landowners come in the Bhoodan Yagya. More than that, rights awakening is happening among the landless. This is the way to the end of capitalism.
How did JP want to establish a society which is full of cooperative self-discipline and the spirit of responsibility, feel the responsibility of men and women of all classes individually and collectively on the basis of equality. He had a special inclination towards village swaraj.
3. Thoughts of Jayaprakash Narayan on Modern Democracy. Jaiprakash Narayan
Jayaprakash Narayan was not anti-democratic. But there were critics of the corruption prevailing in the democracy. For the success of democracy, he believed that it should bring people so close to each other that despite the differences, they can live together by having self-governing, rational and controlling relations. According to him, the system of governance and parties and elections in the constitution are important for democracy.
But until the proper moral and spiritual qualities are not developed in the people. Till then the constitution and political systems cannot make democracy successful.
To fulfill the purpose of democracy, it is necessary to develop the following qualities-
1. Truth Love
2. Sense of Responsibility
3. devotion to duty
4. Hate Violence and Love Nonviolence
5. Complete love of freedom and courage to resist oppression and oppression
6.Sense of Cooperation and Shah Existence
7. Ability to listen, understand and tolerate thoughts
8. Full faith in the spirit of human fraternity and equality
9. Faith in living a straight and simple life
According to Jayaprakash ji, the development of these qualities cannot be done by the state. Rather, it has to be developed through training and practice by voluntary organizations. Considering the public interest as paramount for the success of democracy, individual interests will have to be sacrificed. Village Swaraj has to be established by decentralizing power.
Jayaprakash Narayan considers political parties most guilty in destroying democracy. Political parties spend a lot of money to win elections. They adopt all kinds of methods to attract people towards them. Due to this type of role of political parties who spread enmity and use even violent means to stay in power, democracy gets converted into party system i.e. democracy becomes moral democracy hell of the people, corrupt democracy of political parties.
Therefore, according to Jayaprakash Narayan, there should be no political party in a democracy.
4.Total Revolution | Jayaprakash Narayan Idea of Total Revolution | Total revolution by Jaiprakash Narayan
Tired of criticizing the shortcomings of democracy in the long run of life. There was no significant change in the policies of the government. Rather, the tendency towards corruption, unemployment, social disharmony, poverty and centralization continued to increase. Jayaprakash ji realized in the last decade of his life that the problem of India has now assumed a formidable form. The solution of which is not possible by separate reforms. Addressing a public meeting in Patna on June 5, 1974, he spoke or thought and proclaimed a total revolution.
At this time the revolution included the following revolutions-
1. Social Revolution – To establish equality and fraternity in the society.
2. Economic revolution – Economic decentralization should be done and efforts should be made to bring economic potential by making village a unit of development.
3. Political Revolution – To end political corruption and to do political decentralization and to make people participate by handing over more rights.
4. Cultural Revolution – To protect Indian culture and re-develop cultural values among the people.
5. Educational Revolution – To make education job oriented and change the education system.
6. Spiritual Revolution – To develop moral and spiritual values and move from materialism to spirituality.
7. Ideological Revolution – To create awareness in the thoughts of human beings.
Conclusion of the idea of Jayaprakash Narayan Holistic Revolution –
To make this revolution successful, the students were given responsibility and asked to stop studies for 1 year. This movement started with great enthusiasm in North India. But for some reason it could not be successful due to the flaws of the program and the oppressive attitude of India and the ill health of Jaiprakash ji. After the death of Jayaprakash ji or the revolution also became silent forever.
Summary | Summary of Jayaprakash Narayan in english| Jaiprakash Narayan saransh in english
Jayaprakash Narayan Summary In Hindi – Jayaprakash Narayan (JP) was born on October 11, 1902 in Sitabadiyara village of Chotanagpur. His real name was Narayan Srivastava. He was the son of a schoolmaster, Dinkar Srivastava, and the seventh of eight children. The family moved to Kanpur when Narayan was two years old and he grew up in a political family.
Jayaprakash Narayan was an Indian politician and writer. He served as the first President of India from 18.11.950 to 18.11.1962. When the office was largely formal. He is also remembered for being the first Prime Minister of India in 1948. When the country got independence from British rule. He was a scholar of Sanskrit, Marathi and Hindi.
Jaiprakash Narayan saransh in english
His works include prayer collections (in Marathi and English), “Mahapathak” (in Marathi) and “selected works”. His writings are considered important as they reflect his views on nationalism and secularism. She also fought for the rights of women. He was the first person to serve as the President of India in independent India, the first to be elected to the Lok Sabha and the first to hold the office of the President of India.
Narayan was a prominent Congress Party politician who was a member of the Rajya Sabha and the Lok Sabha, the lower house of the Indian Parliament. He was the leader of the Indian independence movement and was arrested and imprisoned by the British in 1922. His party was in power from 1935 to 1952 and again from 1957 to 1967. He played an important role in the development of India.